Ensure your Year 5 and 6 pupils are secondary ready and close the vocabulary gap. Instant impact on your pupils’ reading skills and confidence.
Ensure your KS3, 4 and 5 students are exam ready. Instant impact on vocabulary and literacy skills and results across the curriculum.
A root word meaning 'TO TURN'
VERTO is the Latin verb meaning 'to turn', and we see VERT and VERS crop up in many English words:
CONVERT - to change completely to something else (CON - together, altogether)
CONTROVERSIAL - causing argument or discussion - literally 'to do with turning against' (CONTRO - against; AL - to do with)
VERTEBRA - the column of ring-like bones in the spine enables the back to twist and turn
INTROVERT / EXTROVERT - an INTROVERT is someone who turns in on themselves, a shy person, whereas an EXTROVERT does the opposite, and is very outgoing (INTRA - to the inside; EXTRA - to the outside)
The ability to withstand hardship - as this week's London Marathon runners will show us!
en-: in, into
-ance: quality, state, instance
ENDURANCE is the quality of having hardness or toughness within.
Good luck to all the runners in the London Marathon on Sunday!
To read our ENDURANCE blog, and for further word play, information and articles, click on our Sound Training blog link at the top of the page.
The act of burying someone again
This week sees the REINTERMENT of King Richard III, the last English king to die in battle. His remains were found buried under a Leicester carpark in 2012, in the remains of a lost medieval church. He will finally be laid to rest in a royal tomb on Thursday in Leicester Cathedral.
The word REINTERMENT is Latin in origin:
re - again
in - in, into
ter - from 'terra': the earth, ground
ment - result of an action
A person who loves books
To celebrate World Book Day on Thursday 5th March 2015, let everyone know you're a BIBLIOPHILE!
BIBLION = a book (in Ancient Greek)
PHILOS = loving, fond, friendly towards
Which is your favourite book - or books?
In the Christian world THE BIBLE is THE BOOK - both in importance and in the meaning of its name. The Old Testament books were originally written in Hebrew, and were translated into Ancient Greek by scholars at the famous Library in Alexandria, Egypt in the third century BC - Egypt was then ruled by the Greek heirs of Alexander the Great. The New Testament books were written in the first century AD in Ancient Greek, as this was the language of education in the Mediterranean area (ruled by the Romans), at that time.
Other BIBLION words:
BIBLIOGRAPHY: (graph = writing) a list of books to read about a particular subject
BIBLIOLATRY: (latry = worship of) an excessive love of books; or, the act of sticking too closely to a literal interpretation of the Bible
BIBLIOTICS: the study of documents, handwriting and writing tools to decide if the documents are authentic - carried out by a BIBLIOTIST (ist = a person doing a job or hobby)
BIBLIOPOLE: (-pole, -poly = to do with trade, e.g. monopoly) a bookdealer, especially one who buys and sells rare books
A person who studies the origins and development of the universe - the Theory of Everything!
COSMOLOGIST comes from the Ancient Greek 'kosmos' meaning 'order' or 'world, universe'.
kosmos - order, universe
-ology - the study or science of
-ist - a member of a profession
A COSMOLOGIST is a person whose profession is the study of the order and workings of the universe. Arguably the most famous British cosmologist alive today is Dr Stephen Hawking, whose life has recently been examined in the film 'The Theory of Everything', winning a Best Actor Oscar for actor Eddie Redmayne at the Oscars Awards ceremony on Sunday.
There's no time like the present! PROCRASTINATION comes from the Latin word CRAS meaning 'tomorrow'.
PROCRASTINATION is, to me, a perfectly formed word: it is made up of a root word, with a prefix and two suffixes added.
pro - forwards, in front
cras / crastinus - Latin for tomorrow / belonging to tomorrow
ate - to make into, become
tion - (the result of) an act or process
So PROCRASTINATION is the act of (or the result of the act of) making something into the business of tomorrow - or putting it off till tomorrow.
The belief in fair and kind treatment of all humans
HUMANITARIANISM can be broken down into four sections:
HUMAN + ITY (state) + ARIAN (having a concern/belief in something) + ISM (a belief/system).
Put back together, it is the belief in fair and kind treatment of all humans, regardless of race, gender, age, sexual orientation, religious or political beliefs etc.
On the third Monday in January (this year Monday 19th January) America celebrates Martin Luther King Day, in honour of the civil rights activist who campaigned against racial segregation and was assassinated for his beliefs in 1968.
The birth of a baby, especially of Jesus Christ
NATIVITY comes from the Latin NATUS meaning BORN, EXISTING, with the suffix -ITY, meaning THE STATE OF, AN INSTANCE OF.
At this time of year children across the country are performing their Nativity plays at school - traditional or with added lobsters and aliens!
But there are many other words used all the time which come from the same root:
NATURE - your birth, inborn personality; or 'all things which have been born', all living things
NATIVE - by birth, e.g. your native country, native language
NATION - originally, a group of people with common ancestors - joined, therefore, by birth
Also, some names come from this root; NATALIE / NATALYA, from the Latin phrase DIES NATALIS, meaning 'birthday', especially Jesus' birthday, and therefore 'Christmas', were originally popular in France and Russia; NATASHA is the pet-name version of NATALIE.
The root of many words, from the Greek verb archo, meaning TO RULE, or TO BEGIN
English words using the sense of TO RULE include:
matriARCHal – (of a group or society) being led by a senior woman (mater, matri- = mother, -al = like, of that sort)
anARCHist - a person who believes there should be no ruler (an = without, ist = a person)
ARCHbishop, ARCHangel, ARCH-enemy - a head bishop, a senior angel, a most important enemy
English words using the sense of TO BEGIN include:
ARCHaeology - the study of (ology) things from the beginning (i.e., from long ago)
ARCHaic – ancient, old-fashioned (-ic = to do with, e.g. archaic language)
ARCHetype – the first, original version of something
The scientific and mathematical genius ARCHimedes (he of 'Eureka!' fame and the Archimedes Screw) has a curiously apt name: 'medes' comes from the Greek for 'to plan, think, invent'. So he truly was 'The Master Inventor'!
On 1st December 1887 Sherlock Holmes first appeared in print, in A Study in Scarlet.
My investigations into Holmes' profession have uncovered the following facts:
de – the opposite, away from, down, off;
tect –a roof, a cover;
ive –by nature, tending to do or to be something – it’s usually an ending for an adjective (such as ‘active’) but sometimes these words become used as nouns.
So a DETECTIVE is someone who tends to uncover things.
-TECT- comes from the Latin verb TEGO and the Greek verb STEGO, which both mean TO COVER, and often are used in the senses of clothing, roofs, or building.
Other linked English words are ARCHITECTURE, PROTECT and STEGOSAURUS (a dinosaur with plates which looked like roof-tiles along its spine!).
Elementary, my dear Watson...
The War Memorial in Whitehall, London, to commemorate those soldiers who died in the First World War
CENOTAPH comes from two Greek words: KENOS, meaning 'empty' and TAPHOS, meaning 'tomb'.
Cenotaphs have been used in countries across the world and for thousands of years as memorials to an individual or group who are actually buried elsewhere.
The Cenotaph in London was originally erected as a memorial for the fallen British soldiers of the First World War. However, it has now become the focus of commemoration for British soldiers who have died in all conflicts since then.
a collection of the best poetry, writings or pieces of music
ANTHOLOGY comes from two Ancient Greek words:
anthos - a flower, blossom
logia - a collection
It literally means 'a collection of flowers' - but of course it's used metaphorically. We speak in English of the 'flower' of youth, meaning 'the best', and of ideas 'blossoming', or a plan coming to 'fruition'. Our language is so full of metaphors referring to nature and plants that we hardly notice them any more - look out for them!
A word, phrase or number which reads the same both forwards and backwards
It is made up from two Ancient Greek words:
palin = again, back
dromos = a course, race, racetrack.
Strangely, though, it wasn't ever a Greek word itself - it was actually made up by the English Jacobean poet and playwright Ben Jonson (1572-1637).
Some examples of palindromes:
Names - Hannah.
Dates - 20th February 2002 = 20 02 2002.
Phrases - 'A Toyota's a Toyota'.
Do you know any interesting or funny palindromes?
VELOCITY comes from the Latin velox meaning 'swift, fast'.
The suffix '-ity' means 'state or quality of', so VELOCITY is 'the state or quality of being fast'.
But there is another link to the Tour de France here: the French for a bicycle is un vélo - a shortened form of vélocipede, which was an early type of bike with no pedals. Hence indoor cycle races take place in a velodrome.
More velo words - a velocimeter is an instrument which measures (-meter) speed/velocity, and a velociraptor is a speedy dinosaur.
Enjoy the cycling!
Monarch comes from two Ancient Greek words
monos - alone
arkho - I rule
So a monarch is someone who rules and holds power alone, such as a king or queen.
Other monos words: monologue = a long speech for one person in a play
monogamy = marriage to only one person
monotone = a sound or voice which stays at one pitch, with no intonation
Other arkh- words: archangel = a senior angel
archbishop = the chief bishop for an area
patriarchy = a society led by a male elder (pater, patros = father)
anarchy = the state of being without (an-) a ruler
The irony is, of course, that the French Revolution ultimately opened the way for Napolean to declare himself emperor - a sole ruler - a monarch!
I found that Sound Training helped me with my dyslexia more than anything else I have tried.
We've been blown away by Sound Training! The scores the pupils have been achieving is amazing and there is a buzz around the school. Other members of staff are starting to take notice and it is being recognised in other lessons. We absolutely love the programme and will definitely be renewing our licence.
You learn lots. They train you in sound and in reading in a sophisticated way. It helps you not just in English but in other subjects like Geography and History.
Jodie did extremely well by gaining over 2 years in her reading score. She was retested recently and she has continued with her gains, 8 months after the intervention. She is also really pleased that she is now reading books that she would never had tried before. Her confidence in all lessons has been noticeably improved and her self-esteem has been boosted.
The pupils didn’t view the training as a lesson, rather than a series of fun challenges or games. The truth is that they were learning an awful lot. It’s such an exciting programme. It is very intense and pacy with constant changes of activity.
Georgina made a point of coming back to tell us how Sound Training had helped her spelling, as well as enabling her to break words down so that she is able to read more complicated words and texts. Georgina’s increased confidence with her reading, and when faced with new vocabulary, has helped her in all of her subjects. She now relishes the challenge when she comes across an unknown word. We are delighted with the way in which Sound Training has boosted engagement and confidence across the curriculum.
Mari is an EAL student who is very quiet and finds literacy challenging. Mari’s progress and new-found knowledge has transferred into her English lessons and was noted by her teacher. She often contributes to class discussions and her reading appears more fluent as she effectively breaks unfamiliar words down.
Aside from the improvement in reading, the programme has delivered noticeably increased self-esteem, confidence, and improved classroom engagement. Sound Training for Reading has enabled the pupils at Acklam Whin to “unstick” their reading and re-engage with their learning with greater confidence and understanding.
Sound Training has not just changed the success of one student, it has changed the way a whole cohort of students access spelling and reading challenges. It has above and beyond been the best investment I have known to date. The biggest reward from Sound Training is the absolute joy in students’ faces when they see the scale of the improved outcomes at the end of only 6 weeks. We have shared our success and often have requests from other schools to come and see then impact. Needless to say they leave impressed and amazed.
I practised my delivery of Sound Training on my eight year old daughter before delivering to our Yr 9 pupils. She has gone up from a 2b to a 3b since January.
“We are delighted with the relationship that we have with Sound Training and the investment we have made has been worth every penny. We ...